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Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions

V.I. Zagrebaev Walter Greiner

V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137
引用本文: V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137
V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137
Citation: V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137

Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137

Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions

  • 摘要: Multinucleon transfer processes in low-energy heavy ion collisions open a new field of research in nuclear physics, namely, production and studying properties of heavy neutron rich nuclei. This not-yet-explored area of the nuclear map is extremely important for understanding the astrophysical nucleosynthesis and the origin of heavy elements. Beams of very heavy U-like ions are needed to produce new long-living isotopes of transfermium and superheavy elements located very close to the island of stability.The calculated cross sections are high enough to perform the experiments at available accelerators.Beams of medium-mass ions (such as 136Xe, 192Os, 198Pt) can be used for the production of neutron rich nuclei located along the neutron closed shell N = 126 (the last waiting point) having the largest impact on the astrophysical r-process. The Low-energy multinucleon transfer reactions is a very efficient tool also for the production and spectroscopic study of light exotic nuclei. The corresponding cross sections are 2 or 3 orders of magnitude larger as compared with high energy fragmentation reactions.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  1900-01-01
  • 修回日期:  1900-01-01
  • 刊出日期:  2015-06-20

Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137

摘要: Multinucleon transfer processes in low-energy heavy ion collisions open a new field of research in nuclear physics, namely, production and studying properties of heavy neutron rich nuclei. This not-yet-explored area of the nuclear map is extremely important for understanding the astrophysical nucleosynthesis and the origin of heavy elements. Beams of very heavy U-like ions are needed to produce new long-living isotopes of transfermium and superheavy elements located very close to the island of stability.The calculated cross sections are high enough to perform the experiments at available accelerators.Beams of medium-mass ions (such as 136Xe, 192Os, 198Pt) can be used for the production of neutron rich nuclei located along the neutron closed shell N = 126 (the last waiting point) having the largest impact on the astrophysical r-process. The Low-energy multinucleon transfer reactions is a very efficient tool also for the production and spectroscopic study of light exotic nuclei. The corresponding cross sections are 2 or 3 orders of magnitude larger as compared with high energy fragmentation reactions.

English Abstract

V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137
引用本文: V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137
V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137
Citation: V.I. Zagrebaev, Walter Greiner. Production of Exotic Nuclei in Low-Energy Multi-Nucleon Transfer Reactions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2015, 32(2): 137-145. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.02.137

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