高级检索

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状(英文)

赵杰 涂周顿明 王福强

赵杰, 涂周顿明, 王福强. 相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状(英文)[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
引用本文: 赵杰, 涂周顿明, 王福强. 相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状(英文)[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
ZHAO Jie, TU Zhoudunming, WANG Fuqiang. Status of the Chiral Magnetic Effect Search in Relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
Citation: ZHAO Jie, TU Zhoudunming, WANG Fuqiang. Status of the Chiral Magnetic Effect Search in Relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225

相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状(英文)

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
基金项目: 美国能源部资助项目(de-sc0012910);美国能源部科学部早期职业奖(de-sc0012185);Robert Welch基金会(C-1845);AlfredP.Sloan研究奖学金(FR-2015-65911);国家自然科学基金资助项目(11747312)
详细信息
    通讯作者: 王福强,E-mail:fqwang@purdue.edu。
  • 中图分类号: O571.3

Status of the Chiral Magnetic Effect Search in Relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions

Funds: U.S. Department of Energy (de-sc0012910); Early Career Award (Contract No. de-sc0012185) from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science; Robert Welch Foundation (C-1845); Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship (FR-2015-65911); National Natural Science Foundation of China (11747312)
  • 摘要: 量子色动力学中夸克和拓扑胶子场的相互作用可以产生局域宇称和共轭电荷宇称不守恒,这也许能解释宇宙中物质-反物质的不对称性。在强磁场下,宇称不守恒会导致粒子按正负电荷分离,此现象称为手征磁效应。在重离子碰撞实验中对电荷分离的测量主要受物理本底的影响,大部分的理论和实验工作一直致力于消除或减少这些本底。在此综述了相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状。


    Quark interactions with topological gluon fields in QCD can yield local P and CP violations which could explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry in our universe. Effects of P and CP violations can result in charge separation under a strong magnetic field, a phenomenon called the chiral magnetic effect (CME). Experimental measurements of the CME-induced charge separation in heavy-ion collisions are dominated by physics backgrounds. Major theoretical and experimental efforts have been devoted to eliminating or reducing those backgrounds. We review the current status of these efforts in the search for the CME in heavy-ion collisions.
  • [1] LEE T D. Phys Rev D, 1973, 8:1226.
    [2] LEE T D,WICK G C. Phys Rev D, 1974, 9:2291.
    [3] MORLEY P D, SCHMIDT I A. Z Phys C, 1985, 26:627.
    [4] KHARZEEV D, PISARSKI R D, TYTGAT M H G. Phys Rev Lett, 1998, 81:512.
    [5] KHARZEEV D. Phys Lett B, 2006, 633:260.
    [6] KHARZEEV D E, MCLERRAN L D, WARRINGA H J. Nucl Phys A, 2008, 803:227.
    [7] FUKUSHIMA K, KHARZEEV D E, WARRINGA H J. Phys Rev D, 2008, 78:074033.
    [8] KHARZEEV D E, LIAO J, VOLOSHIN S A, et al. Prog Part Nucl Phys, 2016, 88:1.
    [9] DINE M, KUSENKO A. Rev Mod Phys, 2003, 76:1; KUSENKO A. Rev Mod Phys, 2003, 76:1.
    [10] ADAMS J(STAR). Nucl Phys A, 2005, 757:102.
    [11] ADCOX K(PHENIX). Nucl Phys A, 2005, 757:184.
    [12] ARSENE I(BRAHMS). Nucl Phys A, 2005, 757:1.
    [13] BACK B B(PHOBOS). Nucl Phys A, 2005, 757:28.
    [14] MULLER B, SCHUKRAFT J, WYSLOUCH B. Ann Rev Nucl Part Sci, 2012, 62:361.
    [15] MULLER B, SCHUKRAFT A, Phys Rev C, 2010, 82:057902.
    [16] KHARZEEV D, PISARSKI R D. Phys Rev D, 2000, 61:111901.
    [17] REISDORF W, RITTER H. Ann Rev Nucl Part Sci, 1997, 47:612. (1997).
    [18] VOLOSHIN S A. Phys Rev C, 2004, 70:057901.
    [19] PRATT S, SCHLICHTING S, GAVIN S. Phys Rev C, 2011, 84:024909.
    [20] BZDAK A, KOCH V, LIAO J. Phys Rev C, 2011, 83:014905.
    [21] ABELEV B I(STAR). Phys Rev C, 2010, 81:054908.
    [22] ABELEV B I(STAR). Phys Rev Lett, 2009, 103:251601.
    [23] ADAMCZYK L(STAR). Phys Rev C, 2013, 88:064911.
    [24] ADAMCZYK L(STAR). Phys Rev Lett, 2014, 113:052302.
    [25] ABELEV B I(ALICE). Phys Rev Lett, 2013, 110:012301.
    [26] AJITANAND R A L N N, ESUMI S (PHENIX). Proc of the RBRC Workshops, 2010, 96:230.
    [27] WANG F. Phys Rev C, 2010, 81:064902.
    [28] ZHAO J. Int J Mod Phys A, 2018, 33:1830010.
    [29] WANG F, ZHAO J. Phys Rev C, 2017, 95:051901.
    [30] SCHLICHTING S, PRATT S. Phys Rev C, 2011, 83:014913.
    [31] ZHANG B, KO C M, LI B A, et al. Phys Rev C, 2000, 61:067901.
    [32] LIN Z W, KO C M. Phys Rev C, 2002, 65:034904.
    [33] LIN Z W, KO C M, LI B A, et al. Phys Rev C, 2005, 72:064901.
    [34] MA G L, ZHANG B. Phys Lett B, 2011, 700:39.
    [35] SHOU Q Y, MA G L, MA Y G. Phys Rev C, 2014, 90:047901.
    [36] KHACHATRYAN V(CMS). Phys Rev Lett, 2017, 118:122301.
    [37] ALVER B(PHOBOS). Phys Rev Lett, 2007, 98:242302.
    [38] BELMON R, NAGLE J. L. Phys Rev C, 2017, 96:024901.
    [39] TU Z(CMS). Nucl Phys A, 2017, 967:744.
    [40] ZHAO J(STAR). EPJ Web Conf, 2018, 172:01005.
    [41] ZHAO J(STAR). 21st International Conference on Particles and Nuclei (PANIC 17), Beijing, China, September 1-5, 2017, arXiv:1802.03283[nucl-ex].
    [42] ADAMCZYK L(STAR). Phys Rev C, 2014, 89:044908.
    [43] WEN F, BRYON J, WEN L, et al. Chin Phys C, 2018, 42:014001.
    [44] SCHUKRAFT J, TIMMINS A, VOLOSHIN S A. Phys Lett B, 2013, 719:394.
    [45] ACHARYA S(ALICE). Phys Lett B, 2018, 777:151.
    [46] SIRUNYAN A(CMS). M. Phys Rev C, 2018, 97:044912.
    [47] XU H J, ZHAO J, WANG X, et al. Chin Phys C, 2018, 42:084103.
    [48] XU H J, WANG X, LI H, et al. Phys Rev Lett, 2018, 121:022301.
    [49] ZHAO J(STAR). 27th International Conference on Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter 2018), Venezia, Italy, 13-19 May 2018. https://indico.cern.ch/event/656452/contributions/2869775/.
    [50] ZHAO J, LI H, WANG F. arXiv:1705.05410[nucl-ex].
    [51] WANG F. 27th International Conference on Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter 2018), Venezia, Italy, 13-19 May 2018. https://indico.cern.ch/event/656452/contributions/2869777/.
    [52] BZDAK A,KOCH V, LIAO J. Lect Notes Phys, 2013, 871:503.
    [53] WEN L. Nucl Phys A, 2017, 967:756.
    [54] AJITANAND N N, LACEY R A, TARANENKO A, et al. Phys Rev C, 2011, 83:011901.
    [55] MAGDY N, SHI S, LIAO J, et al. Phys Rev C, 2018, 97:061901.
    [56] BOZEK P. Phys Rev C, 2018, 97:034907.
    [57] FENG Y, ZHAO J, WANG F. Phys. Rev. C, 2018, 98:034904.
    [58] VOLOSHIN S A. Phys Rev Lett, 2010, 105:172301.
    [59] WANG G(STAR). Nucl Phys A, 2013, 904-905:248c.
    [60] TRIBEDY P(STAR). Nucl Phys A, 2017, 967:740.
    [61] TU B(STAR). Poster, 25th International Conference on Ultrarelativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions (Quark Matter 2015), Kobe, Japan. https://drupal.star.bnl.gov/STAR/presentations/qm2015/biao-tu, (2015).
    [62] ZHAO J(STAR). Proceedings, 46th International Sym-posium on Multiparticle Dynamics (ISMD 2016), Jeju Island, South Korea, August 29-September 2, 2016, EPJ Web Conf, 2017, 141:01010.
    [63] ADLER C(STAR). Phys Rev C, 2002, 66:034904.
    [64] WANG G(STAR). Talk, 4th Workshop on Chirality, Vorticity and Magnetic Field in Heavy Ion Collisions, March 19-22, 2018, Florence, Italy. https://agenda.infn.it/getFile.py/access?contribId=46&resId=0&materialId=slides&confId=13907, (2018).
    [65] BZDAK A. Phys Rev C, 2012, 85:044919.
    [66] HORI Y, GUNJI T. HAMAGAKI H, et al. arXiv:1208.0603[nucl-th].
    [67] MILLER M L,REYGERS K,SANDERS S J, et al. Ann Rev Nucl Part Sci, 2007, 57:205.
    [68] DRESCHER H J, NARA Y. Phys Rev C, 2007, 76:041903.
    [69] ALBACETE J L, DUMITRU A. arXiv:1011.5161[hep-ph].
    [70] NIEMI H, ESKOLA K J, PAATELAINEN R. Phys Rev C, 2016, 93:024907.
    [71] FELDMAN G J, COUSINS R D. Phys Rev D, 1998, 57:3873.
    [72] XU H J, PANG L,WANG Q. Phys Rev C, 2014, 89:064902.
    [73] ZHU X, ZHOU Y, XU H, et al. Phys Rev C, 2017, 95:044902.
    [74] ABELEV B(ALICE). Phys Rev Lett, 2013, 111:232302.
    [75] ADAMCZYK L(STAR). Phys Rev Lett, 2017, 118:012301(2017).
    [76] OLIVE K A. Chin Phys C, 2014, 38:090001.
    [77] ADAMS J(STAR). Phys Rev Lett, 2004, 92:092301.
    [78] SHI S, JIANG Y, LILLESKOV E, et al. Annals Phys, 2018, 394:50.
    [79] DENG W T, HUANG X G, MA G L, et al. Phys Rev C, 2016, 94:041901.
    [80] HUANG X G, DENG W T, MA G L, et al. Nucl Phys A, 2017, 967:736.
    [81] ENG W T, HUANG X G. Phys Rev C, 2012, 85:044907.
    [82] CHABANAT E, BONCHE P, HAENSEL P, et al. Nucl Phys A, 1998, 635:231.
    [83] WANG X B, FRIAR J L, HAYES A C. Phys Rev C, 2016, 94:034314.
    [84] BENDER M, HEENEN P H, REINHARD P G. Rev Mod Phys, 2003, 75:121.
    [85] RING P, SCHUCK P. THe Nuclear Many-body Problem, Texts and Monographs in Physics[M]. Berlin:Springer, 1980.
  • [1] 祁康辉, 梁羽铁, 王荣, 谢亚平, 杨智, 赵宇翔.  中国极化电子离子对撞机探测器设计 . 原子核物理评论, 2020, 37(3): 1-7. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.37.2019CNPC37
    [2] 施梳苏.  RHIC-STAR重离子碰撞实验中可鉴别粒子的集体流研究 . 原子核物理评论, 2020, 37(3): 1-6. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.37.2019CNPC72
    [3] 徐骏.  自旋与手征动力学的输运模拟研究 . 原子核物理评论, 2020, 37(3): 1-10. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.37.2019CNPC22
    [4] 黄旭光.  强磁场与涡旋场中的夸克胶子物质 . 原子核物理评论, 2020, 37(3): 1-12. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.37.2019CNPC29
    [5] 李秀君, 司凡, 付泽邦, 张一飞.  Au+Au重离子碰撞中5~200 GeV碰撞能量下的温度涨落与比热(英文) . 原子核物理评论, 2019, 36(4): 395-399. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.36.04.395
    [6] 马国亮.  相对论重离子碰撞的输运模型研究 . 原子核物理评论, 2017, 34(3): 370-373. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.370
    [7] 冯笙琴, 裴蕾, 孙飞, 艾鑫, 钟洋, 殷中宝.  相对论重离子碰撞手征电荷分离效应的研究 . 原子核物理评论, 2017, 34(3): 557-562. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.557
    [8] 余功明 杨海涛 李云德.  色玻璃凝聚近似下极端相对论重离子碰撞中的双轻子和光子产生(英文) . 原子核物理评论, 2016, 33(1): 25-29. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.33.01.025
    [9] 安荣, 晏世伟, 蒋翔.  中能Ca+Ca反应中的对称能效应 . 原子核物理评论, 2015, 32(3): 259-266. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.03.259
    [10] 孙志攀, 高春媛.  UrQMD模型中对质心能量7.7~62.4 GeV下正反粒子椭圆流的差异研究(英文) . 原子核物理评论, 2015, 32(3): 267-273. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.32.03.267
    [11] 张东海, 陈艳玲, 王国蓉, 李王东, 王青, 姚继杰, 周建国, 李蓉, 李俊生, 李惠玲.  中高能重离子诱发乳胶核反应慢粒子产生(英文) . 原子核物理评论, 2014, 31(2): 126-134. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.31.02.126
    [12] 李杉, 颜廷志.  中能重离子碰撞中集体流标度性质研究 . 原子核物理评论, 2014, 31(2): 135-141. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.31.02.135
    [13] 张英逊, 李祝霞, 周承双, 曾敏儿.  同位旋依赖的碎块判断方法对重离子碰撞观测量的影响(英文) . 原子核物理评论, 2013, 30(3): 324-330. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.30.03.324
    [14] 苏军, 张丰收.  重离子碰撞中的核温度 . 原子核物理评论, 2013, 30(3): 352-358. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.30.03.352
    [15] 张英逊, 卢晓华, 赵凯, 李祝霞, P.Danielewicz, M.B.Tsang.  利用重离子碰撞确定对称能的密度依赖形式 . 原子核物理评论, 2011, 28(4): 377-395. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.04.377
    [16] 魏志勇, 李祖玉, 诸永泰, 周瑾.  中能核反应中的集体流 . 原子核物理评论, 2002, 19(4): 380-386. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.19.04.380
    [17] 刘建业, 陈波, 赵强, 张丰收, 王顺金, 左维.  中能重离子碰撞中同位旋效应的灵敏探针 . 原子核物理评论, 1999, 16(3): 165-168. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.16.03.165
    [18] 刘建业, 刘航, 王顺金, 陈波, 左维, 李希国.  重离子碰撞的两体关联输运理论 . 原子核物理评论, 1998, 15(4): 249-257. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.15.04.249
    [19] 江栋兴, 钱兴.  重离子核反应机制研究进展 . 原子核物理评论, 1996, 13(2): 16-19. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.13.02.016
    [20] 刘觉平.  量子色动力学与核物理 . 原子核物理评论, 1996, 13(4): 3-6. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.13.04.003
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  620
  • HTML全文浏览量:  84
  • PDF下载量:  154
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-07-04
  • 修回日期:  2018-07-23
  • 刊出日期:  2018-09-20

相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状(英文)

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
    基金项目:  美国能源部资助项目(de-sc0012910);美国能源部科学部早期职业奖(de-sc0012185);Robert Welch基金会(C-1845);AlfredP.Sloan研究奖学金(FR-2015-65911);国家自然科学基金资助项目(11747312)
    通讯作者: 王福强,E-mail:fqwang@purdue.edu。
  • 中图分类号: O571.3

摘要: 量子色动力学中夸克和拓扑胶子场的相互作用可以产生局域宇称和共轭电荷宇称不守恒,这也许能解释宇宙中物质-反物质的不对称性。在强磁场下,宇称不守恒会导致粒子按正负电荷分离,此现象称为手征磁效应。在重离子碰撞实验中对电荷分离的测量主要受物理本底的影响,大部分的理论和实验工作一直致力于消除或减少这些本底。在此综述了相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状。


Quark interactions with topological gluon fields in QCD can yield local P and CP violations which could explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry in our universe. Effects of P and CP violations can result in charge separation under a strong magnetic field, a phenomenon called the chiral magnetic effect (CME). Experimental measurements of the CME-induced charge separation in heavy-ion collisions are dominated by physics backgrounds. Major theoretical and experimental efforts have been devoted to eliminating or reducing those backgrounds. We review the current status of these efforts in the search for the CME in heavy-ion collisions.

English Abstract

赵杰, 涂周顿明, 王福强. 相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状(英文)[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
引用本文: 赵杰, 涂周顿明, 王福强. 相对论重离子碰撞中手征磁效应寻找的现状(英文)[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
ZHAO Jie, TU Zhoudunming, WANG Fuqiang. Status of the Chiral Magnetic Effect Search in Relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
Citation: ZHAO Jie, TU Zhoudunming, WANG Fuqiang. Status of the Chiral Magnetic Effect Search in Relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2018, 35(3): 225-242. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.35.03.225
参考文献 (85)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回