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替代反应法测量锕系核(n,f)和(n,xn)截面

马南茹 林承键 贾会明 徐新星 杨峰 杨磊 孙立杰 王东玺 刘祖华 张焕乔

马南茹, 林承键, 贾会明, 徐新星, 杨峰, 杨磊, 孙立杰, 王东玺, 刘祖华, 张焕乔. 替代反应法测量锕系核(n,f)和(n,xn)截面[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
引用本文: 马南茹, 林承键, 贾会明, 徐新星, 杨峰, 杨磊, 孙立杰, 王东玺, 刘祖华, 张焕乔. 替代反应法测量锕系核(n,f)和(n,xn)截面[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
MA Nanru, LIN Chengjian, JIA Huiming, XU Xinxing, YANG Feng, YANG Lei, SUN Lijie, WANG Dongxi, LIU Zuhua, ZHANG Huanqiao. Measurement of (n, f) and (n, xn) Cross Sections of Actinides with the Surrogate Reaction Method[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
Citation: MA Nanru, LIN Chengjian, JIA Huiming, XU Xinxing, YANG Feng, YANG Lei, SUN Lijie, WANG Dongxi, LIU Zuhua, ZHANG Huanqiao. Measurement of (n, f) and (n, xn) Cross Sections of Actinides with the Surrogate Reaction Method[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351

替代反应法测量锕系核(n,f)和(n,xn)截面

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
基金项目: 国家重点基础研究计划资助项目(2013CB834404);国家自然科学基金资助项目(11375268,11475263,U1432127,U1432246,11505293,11635015)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    马南茹(1989-),男,山东聊城人,助研,博士,从事粒子物理与原子核物理研究;E-mail:mnr209@163.com

    通讯作者: 林承键,E-mail:cjlin@ciae.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: O571.1

Measurement of (n, f) and (n, xn) Cross Sections of Actinides with the Surrogate Reaction Method

Funds: National Key Basic Research Development Program of China(2013CB834404); National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375268, 11475263, U1432127, U1432246, 11505293, 11635015)
More Information
    Corresponding author: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
  • 摘要: 对于某些中子反应截面,在直接测量上存在困难。为了获得那些对核能发展极其重要的核数据,人们提出替代反应法,即利用带电粒子代替中子进行反应,从而实现中子反应截面间接测量的方法。现有替代反应一般采用非弹激发、转移等周边反应,涉及的角动量远比中子反应的大,需要理论修正,这造成了一定的困难。有鉴于此,提出利用轻带电离子的俘获反应作为替代反应,其复合核自旋与中子反应的相当,有效避免了自旋修正的困难。根据这个思路,采用236U的(α,f)和(α,2n)反应作为替代反应,成功提取了239Pu的(n,f)和(n,2n)反应截面,与ENDFB7评价库数据在误差范围内符合较好,表明了替代反应法的优越性,可以在核数据测量中推广应用。


    There are always difficulties in the direct measurement of reactions induced by neutron, in order to obtain the neutron induced nuclear reaction data which are extremely important for nuclear power development, the surrogate reaction method, which uses charged particles instead of neutron, was proposed. The existing surrogate reaction method generally chooses peripheral reaction as the surrogate reaction, such as inelastic scattering excitation or transfer reaction. As a result, the angular momentum involved is always far larger than the neutron induced reaction, which causes difficulties in the theoretical calculation. Because of this, we proposed to use light-ion capture reaction as the surrogate reaction, the compound nuclei spin is similar with that of the neutron induced reaction, so that the difficulties in spin correction can be effectively avoided. Based on this idea, the 239Pu(n, f) and (n, 2n) reaction cross sections were successfully extracted using 236U(α,f) and (α,2n) reactions as the surrogate reaction. The results coincide well with the data of ENDFB7 within the error range, which shows that the surrogate reaction method has its own superiority, and it can be applied in the measurement of nuclear data.
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    [3] PLETTNER C, AI H, BEAUSANG C W, et al. Phys Rev C, 2005, 71:051602(R).
    [4] BURKE J T, BERNSTEIN L A, ESCHER J, et al. Phys Rev C, 2006, 73:054604.
    [5] ESCHER J, DIETRICH F S. LLNL Tech Rep, 2005 no:UCRL-TR-212509-Draft (unpublished).
    [6] ESCHER J, DIETRICH F S. Second Argonne/MSU/JINA/INTRIA Workshop:Reaction Mechanisms for Rare Isotope Beams (Michigan State University, East Lansing, March 9-12, 2005), AIP Conf Proc No 791, 2005:93.
    [7] RAYNAL J. Technical Report No. SMR-9/8, IAEA.
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    [9] HAGINOA K, ROWLEYB N, KRUPPAC A T. Computer Physics Communications, 1999, 123(1-3):143.doi: 10.1016/S0010-4655(99)00243-X
    [10] BOHR A. Proc Int Conf, Peaceful Uses At Energy, Geneva, United Nations, New York, 1956, 2:151.
    [11] (fusion-evaporation code) http://lise.nscl.msu.edu/lise.html.
    [12] BERNSTEIN L A, BECKER J A, GARRETT P E, et al. Phys Rev C, 2002, 65:021601(R).
    [13] PRONYAEV V G, BADIKOV S A, CARLSON A D, et al. personal communication, 2005.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-11-20
  • 修回日期:  2017-03-30
  • 刊出日期:  2017-07-18

替代反应法测量锕系核(n,f)和(n,xn)截面

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
    基金项目:  国家重点基础研究计划资助项目(2013CB834404);国家自然科学基金资助项目(11375268,11475263,U1432127,U1432246,11505293,11635015)
    作者简介:

    马南茹(1989-),男,山东聊城人,助研,博士,从事粒子物理与原子核物理研究;E-mail:mnr209@163.com

    通讯作者: 林承键,E-mail:cjlin@ciae.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: O571.1

摘要: 对于某些中子反应截面,在直接测量上存在困难。为了获得那些对核能发展极其重要的核数据,人们提出替代反应法,即利用带电粒子代替中子进行反应,从而实现中子反应截面间接测量的方法。现有替代反应一般采用非弹激发、转移等周边反应,涉及的角动量远比中子反应的大,需要理论修正,这造成了一定的困难。有鉴于此,提出利用轻带电离子的俘获反应作为替代反应,其复合核自旋与中子反应的相当,有效避免了自旋修正的困难。根据这个思路,采用236U的(α,f)和(α,2n)反应作为替代反应,成功提取了239Pu的(n,f)和(n,2n)反应截面,与ENDFB7评价库数据在误差范围内符合较好,表明了替代反应法的优越性,可以在核数据测量中推广应用。


There are always difficulties in the direct measurement of reactions induced by neutron, in order to obtain the neutron induced nuclear reaction data which are extremely important for nuclear power development, the surrogate reaction method, which uses charged particles instead of neutron, was proposed. The existing surrogate reaction method generally chooses peripheral reaction as the surrogate reaction, such as inelastic scattering excitation or transfer reaction. As a result, the angular momentum involved is always far larger than the neutron induced reaction, which causes difficulties in the theoretical calculation. Because of this, we proposed to use light-ion capture reaction as the surrogate reaction, the compound nuclei spin is similar with that of the neutron induced reaction, so that the difficulties in spin correction can be effectively avoided. Based on this idea, the 239Pu(n, f) and (n, 2n) reaction cross sections were successfully extracted using 236U(α,f) and (α,2n) reactions as the surrogate reaction. The results coincide well with the data of ENDFB7 within the error range, which shows that the surrogate reaction method has its own superiority, and it can be applied in the measurement of nuclear data.

English Abstract

马南茹, 林承键, 贾会明, 徐新星, 杨峰, 杨磊, 孙立杰, 王东玺, 刘祖华, 张焕乔. 替代反应法测量锕系核(n,f)和(n,xn)截面[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
引用本文: 马南茹, 林承键, 贾会明, 徐新星, 杨峰, 杨磊, 孙立杰, 王东玺, 刘祖华, 张焕乔. 替代反应法测量锕系核(n,f)和(n,xn)截面[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
MA Nanru, LIN Chengjian, JIA Huiming, XU Xinxing, YANG Feng, YANG Lei, SUN Lijie, WANG Dongxi, LIU Zuhua, ZHANG Huanqiao. Measurement of (n, f) and (n, xn) Cross Sections of Actinides with the Surrogate Reaction Method[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
Citation: MA Nanru, LIN Chengjian, JIA Huiming, XU Xinxing, YANG Feng, YANG Lei, SUN Lijie, WANG Dongxi, LIU Zuhua, ZHANG Huanqiao. Measurement of (n, f) and (n, xn) Cross Sections of Actinides with the Surrogate Reaction Method[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2017, 34(3): 351-356. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.34.03.351
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