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与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型

李希国 贾贝

李希国, 贾贝. 与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276
引用本文: 李希国, 贾贝. 与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276
LI Xi-guo, JIA Bei. A Brane Universe Model with Extra Dimension[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276
Citation: LI Xi-guo, JIA Bei. A Brane Universe Model with Extra Dimension[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276

与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276

A Brane Universe Model with Extra Dimension

  • 摘要: 对引力场的能量\|动量和角动量守恒定律研究进展进行了总结。依此探讨了一般五维时空膜宇宙模型中的能量\|动量张量、 角动量张量以及它们的守恒定律。通过计算一个膜宇宙模型中的能动张量, 论证了该模型中“可见膜”上的引力非常弱, 这可认为是从引力的角度反映了规范层次问题。结果与一般的结论, 即引力系统总能量为零是一致的。同时, 分析了这个膜宇宙模型中的角动量张量, 计算了该模型中的总角动量, 讨论了暴涨Randall\|Sundren(RS)模型中的总角动量的一些性质。说明了在这类模型中总角动量的类空分量均为零, 这与普通RS模型是一样的。同时, 分析了RS模型中背景以及膜上的宇宙学常数, 发现在RS模型中五维背景宇宙学常数和两个膜上的真空能都能取它们的自然值。最后通过修改RS模型, 得到了一种可以产生很小的有效宇宙学常数的机制。
    We summarized both the general covariant energy\|momentum and angular momentum conservation law in the gravitational system and analyzed the general covariant energy\|momentum tensor of the gravitational system in general five\|dimensional cosmological in brane\|universe models. After calculating this energy\|momentum for the cosmological generalization of the Randall\|Sundrum(RS) model which includes the original RS model as the static limit, we are able to show that the weakness of the gravitation on the “visible” brane is a general feature of this model. This is the origin of the gauge hierarchy from a gravitational point of view. Our results are also consistent with the fact that a gravitational system has vanishing total energy. We also discussed the properties of the general covariant angular momentum in five\|dimensional brane-universe model. With calculation of the total angular momentum of this model, we analyzed the properties of the total angular momentum in the inflationary RS model. We pointed that the space-like components of the total angular momentum are zero while the others are non-zero, which agrees with the results from ordinary RS model. We also investigated the bulk cosmological constant and brane vacuum energies in RS model. We show that the five\|dimensional bulk cosmological constant and the vacuum energies of the two branes could take their natural values. Finally we argued how we can generate a small four-dimensional effective cosmological constant on the branes by modifying the original RS model.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  1900-01-01
  • 修回日期:  1900-01-01
  • 刊出日期:  2011-09-20

与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型

doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276

摘要: 对引力场的能量\|动量和角动量守恒定律研究进展进行了总结。依此探讨了一般五维时空膜宇宙模型中的能量\|动量张量、 角动量张量以及它们的守恒定律。通过计算一个膜宇宙模型中的能动张量, 论证了该模型中“可见膜”上的引力非常弱, 这可认为是从引力的角度反映了规范层次问题。结果与一般的结论, 即引力系统总能量为零是一致的。同时, 分析了这个膜宇宙模型中的角动量张量, 计算了该模型中的总角动量, 讨论了暴涨Randall\|Sundren(RS)模型中的总角动量的一些性质。说明了在这类模型中总角动量的类空分量均为零, 这与普通RS模型是一样的。同时, 分析了RS模型中背景以及膜上的宇宙学常数, 发现在RS模型中五维背景宇宙学常数和两个膜上的真空能都能取它们的自然值。最后通过修改RS模型, 得到了一种可以产生很小的有效宇宙学常数的机制。
We summarized both the general covariant energy\|momentum and angular momentum conservation law in the gravitational system and analyzed the general covariant energy\|momentum tensor of the gravitational system in general five\|dimensional cosmological in brane\|universe models. After calculating this energy\|momentum for the cosmological generalization of the Randall\|Sundrum(RS) model which includes the original RS model as the static limit, we are able to show that the weakness of the gravitation on the “visible” brane is a general feature of this model. This is the origin of the gauge hierarchy from a gravitational point of view. Our results are also consistent with the fact that a gravitational system has vanishing total energy. We also discussed the properties of the general covariant angular momentum in five\|dimensional brane-universe model. With calculation of the total angular momentum of this model, we analyzed the properties of the total angular momentum in the inflationary RS model. We pointed that the space-like components of the total angular momentum are zero while the others are non-zero, which agrees with the results from ordinary RS model. We also investigated the bulk cosmological constant and brane vacuum energies in RS model. We show that the five\|dimensional bulk cosmological constant and the vacuum energies of the two branes could take their natural values. Finally we argued how we can generate a small four-dimensional effective cosmological constant on the branes by modifying the original RS model.

English Abstract

李希国, 贾贝. 与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276
引用本文: 李希国, 贾贝. 与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型[J]. 原子核物理评论, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276
LI Xi-guo, JIA Bei. A Brane Universe Model with Extra Dimension[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276
Citation: LI Xi-guo, JIA Bei. A Brane Universe Model with Extra Dimension[J]. Nuclear Physics Review, 2011, 28(3): 276-289. doi: 10.11804/NuclPhysRev.28.03.276

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